Timeline

Expedition of Magellan and Elcano

August 10, 1519.

The five ships set sail from the port of Las Muelas in Seville.

The Trinidad, San Antonio, Concepción, Victoria and Santiago ships begin their journey in stages along the Guadalquivir River, to Sanlúcar de Barrameda, where they remain for more than a month.

September 26, 1519.

Arrival on the island of Tenerife

At the wish of Magellan, 4 more crew members embark, and one disembarks, so that the crew is definitely made up of 247 men.

September 20, 1519.

The expedition sets sail from Sanlúcar de Barrameda.

The crew stands at 244 men at this time.

September 30, 1519.

They set sail from the island of Tenerife

They head south, sailing near the African coast to Sierra Leone, where they finally turn towards Brazil. First discussions with Magellan for taking that route.

December 13, 1519.

Arrival in Brazil

They land in the Bay of Sepetiba -between Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo- probably taking into account having exceeded the demarcation meridian of the Treaty of Tordesillas and thus having entered Spanish territory. They trade amicably with the natives, and the pilot Juan Carvalho, who had already been there before, is reunited with a son of his born with a native. The child goes on to join the expedition.

December 27, 1519.

Set sail from Brazil

They continue their journey following the coast heading south.

December 20, 1519.

The first dead: executed

The master of nao Trinidad, Antón Salomon, is executed for the crime of sodomy. Criticisms of Magellan are raging, especially by the royal observer and joint captain Juan de Cartagena. Magellan settled the matter by putting Juan de Cartagena under arrest, to the astonishment of the Spaniards.

January 11, 1520.

They arrive at the Río de La Plata

They continue the journey along the coast to the South, until they enter the Río de la Plata. Juan Díaz de Solís had arrived at this place only 3 years before, with an expedition that also had the mission of finding a passage to the other side of America, but here the Indians murdered, dismembered, roasted and devoured Solís himself and others from his companions, the rest returning to Spain. They hope to have found the long-awaited pass, so they thoroughly explore the Río de la Plata and even the Uruguay River for a total of 22 days.

February 2, 1520.

They leave the Rio de La Plata

After the disappointment of the Río de la Plata, they continue to coast to the South. From here on, everything is uncharted territory. No one had ever reached these shores before, so each inlet, each bay, must be explored.

March 30, 1520.

Winter in Puerto de San Julián

The climate is getting colder and colder, and they find a suitable place to spend the winter, which they call Puerto de San Julián. Magellan decides to stay here for 148 days, something that is not understood by many crew members.

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April 6 , 1520.

They leave the Rio de La Plata

After the disappointment of the Río de la Plata, they continue to coast to the South. From here on, everything is uncharted territory. No one had ever reached these shores before, so each inlet, each bay, must be explored.