The sources - during

1- ORIGINAL SOURCES. Documents of the protagonists.

1.2- About what happened during the trip

Pilot Francisco Albo's course:

Route of the voyage of Fernando de Magallanes in demand of the Strait. From the place of Cabo de San Agustín.

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General Archive of the Indies PATRONATO, 34, R.5

Source: Virtual Library of the Ministry of Defense of Spain

Source: Collection of Voyages and Discoveries Made by the Spanish Sea Since the End of the XV Century, Volume IV. Martín Fernández de Navarrete. 1837.

Letter from Juan Sebastián Elcano to Emperor Carlos V giving news of his arrival, dated September 6, 1522:

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Opinion on the founding of a House of Contract for the Spice in La Coruña and a letter from Juan Sebastián Elcano on his circumnavigation trip or first round the world.

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General Archive of the Indies PATRONATO, 48, R.20

Information that Magellan ordered to take in the port of S. Julián about the attack committed by Gaspar de Quesada, captain of the Concepción ship:

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Source: Collection of Voyages and Discoveries Made by the Spanish Sea Since the End of the XV Century, Volume IV. Martín Fernández de Navarrete. 1837.

Letter from the accountant Juan López de Recalde to the Bishop of Burgos informing him of the arrival at the port of Las Muelas de la Nao San Antonio, one of those that made up the Armada de Magallanes, from which it separated in the Strait:

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Source: Collection of Voyages and Discoveries Made by the Spanish Sea Since the End of the XV Century, Volume IV. Martín Fernández de Navarrete. 1837.

"First Journey Around the Globe",

o Relationship of Antonio Pigafetta:

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  • Cousin Viaggio Intorno to the Terrestrial Globe . António Pigafetta. Italian version, addressed to the Grand Master of the Order of Rhodes. The original is in the Ambrosian Library in Milan, and its first transcription, made by Carlo Amoretti, in the year 1800, is shown here.

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List of Ginés de Mafra

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Source: National Library of Spain

Source: Book that deals with the discovery and beginning of the Strait of Magellan. Anonymous. Typographic Establishment of Torrent, Madrid, 1920.

Transfer of the information presented by proxy by Álvaro de la Mezquita, about the taking of the San Antonio ship by Gaspar de Quesada and Juan de Cartagena, on April 1, 1520:

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General Archive of the Indies PATRONATO, 34, R.17

This document reports that Gonzalo Gómez de Espinosa did not know how to write.

Letter from the officers of the Casa de la Contratación de las Indias to the Emperor, regarding the return of the San Antonio ship and complaints from its commanders of the excesses of Fernando de Magallanes:

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General Archive of the Indies PATRONATO, 34, R.14

Letter from Juan Bautista de Punzorol to a character who is not named, written in Tidore (Maluku Islands):

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Source: The Discovery of the Pacific Ocean, Hernando de Magallanes and his Companions. José Toribio Medina. 1920.

Letter from Gonzalo Gómez de Espinosa to the King while in prison in Cochín (India):

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INDIFFERENT General Archive of the Indies, 1528, No. 2

Source: Chronicles of the First Around the World, by Cristóbal Bernal.

Relationship of Maximiliano Transilvano

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Relationship written by Maximiliano Transilvano of how and by whom and at what time the Moluccan islands were discovered and found, where the very birth of the spice industry is itself, which fall in the conquest and demarcation of the Royal Crown of Spain. And divide this relationship into twenty main paragraphs.

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Transilvano was King Carlos I's personal assistant, so he must have had first-hand access to information from Elcano and other related people, if he did not deal directly with the protagonists.

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Source: Collection of Voyages and Discoveries Made by the Spanish Sea Since the End of the XV Century, Volume IV. Martín Fernández de Navarrete. 1837.

List of crew members of the Navy sent to the discovery of the species who died, deserters or left in the Moluccas:

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General Archive of the Indies PATRONATO, 34, R.11

By Cristóbal Bernal. Source: Seville 2019-2022

Declaration that the Mayor of Leguizamo took from the captain, master and companions of the Victoria ship.

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Source: Collection of Voyages and Discoveries Made by the Spanish Sea Since the End of the XV Century, Volume IV. Martín Fernández de Navarrete. 1837.

Book of the peace made by the Castilians with the kings or lords of the Maluco islands.

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Source: Chronicles of the First Around the World, by Cristóbal Bernal.

Letter from Juan Bautista de Punzorol and León Pancaldo to the King while in prison in Mozambique:

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Source: As Gavetas da Torre do Tombo, Lisbon, 1960-1977

Statements given in Valladolid by Gonzalo Gómez de Espinosa, Ginés de Mafra, and León Pancaldo, on the events of the Trinidad ship in the Moluccas:

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Source: Collection of Voyages and Discoveries Made by the Spanish Sea Since the End of the XV Century, Volume IV. Martín Fernández de Navarrete. 1837.

List of the salary due to 107 of the crew of the expedition to the Moluccas Islands led by Fernando de Magallanes:

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General Archive of the Indies, PATRONATO, 34, R. 4.

By Cristóbal Bernal. V Centennial First Around the World on Facebook.

Information made at the request of Simón de Burgos to prove that he had no part in the prison of the thirteen crew members of the Victoria ship, which the Portuguese carried out on the island of Santiago, one of those of Cape Verde, on their return from the Moluccas:

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General Archive of the Indies PATRONATO, 34, R.21

Source: The Discovery of the Pacific Ocean, Hernando de Magallanes and his Companions. José Toribio Medina. 1920.

Memory of the people who died on the Trinidad ship:

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General Archive of the Indies PATRONATO, 34, R.20

Source: The Discovery of the Pacific Ocean, Hernando de Magallanes and his Companions. José Toribio Medina. 1920.

Roteiro of a Genoese Pilot

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This document is not available to the public on the Internet in its translation into Spanish. We link a copy in Portuguese, in the ANTT . For reading the book is recommended:

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The First Around the World , Juan Sebastián de Elcano, Antonio Pigafetta, Maximiliano Transilvano, Francisco Albo, Ginés de Mafra and others. Ediciones Miraguano / Ediciones Polifemo, Madrid, 2012.

Relationship of a Portuguese companion of Duarte Barbosa, who was on the Victoria ship in the year 1519

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Source: University of Heidelberg (Germany)

List of the salary that is owed to the captain and officers and company of the Victoria y Concebición ship, which was undone, and Santiago, who was lost, counting each one the time that he served the living as well as the deceased until the day that They died from the day they left Seville:

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Source: The Discovery of the Pacific Ocean, Hernando de Magallanes and his Companions. José Toribio Medina. 1920.

List of the salary that has been paid to those who returned to the Sant Antonio ship, to whom they were paid since the ship left Seville, which was on August 10, 519 years, until March 8, that the ship returned to Seville, from the year 521:

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Source: The Discovery of the Pacific Ocean, Hernando de Magallanes and his Companions. José Toribio Medina. 1920.

Letter from Antonio Brito to the King of Portugal about some events in India and those of Magellan's trip:

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Source: The Discovery of the Pacific Ocean, Hernando de Magallanes and his Companions. José Toribio Medina. 1920.

List of the salary owed to the captain, officers and company of the Trinidad ship, who remained in Maluco, from the time the navy left, until the Vitoria ship left its company in Maluco, on December 21, 1521:

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Source: The Discovery of the Pacific Ocean, Hernando de Magallanes and his Companions. José Toribio Medina. 1920.

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1- ORIGINAL SOURCES. Documents of the protagonists.

2.1- Chronicles of historians

2.2- Cartography

2.3- Recommended modern publications

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